The Noble Eightfold Way
Fourfold Truth as
taught by the Buddha is as follows:
1. Life consists entirely of suffering
2. Suffering has causes (these two are the description of reality)
3. The causes of suffering can be extinguished
4. There exists a way to extinguish the causes (the last two express
In explanation of the Fourth
Noble Truth, the Buddha taught the EIGHTFOLD WAY as follows:
1. Right View; seeing things as they are.
2. Right Thought.
3. Right Speech.
4. Right Action. 2, 3 and 4 are the elements of human character.
5. Right Mindfulness.
6. Right Endeavour.
7. Right Livelihood. 5, 6 and 7 are the elements of human life or
the dynamic aspects of human character.
8. Right Concentration. This is the motive power to carry one through
all the worlds; this human world of desire, the heaven of bodily beings,
the higher heaven of formless/bodieless beings and then holy beings;
finally to reach the state of PARINIVANA (Highest Nirvana)
The "Wheel of Dharma" or Dharmacakra
Recognized globally as a symbol for Buddhism that has represented
the Buddha's teaching of the path to enlightenment, since the early
period of Indian Buddhism.
The eight spokes represent the Noble Eightfold
Its overall shape is that of a circle (cakra), representing
the perfection of the dharma teaching.
The hub stands for discipline, which is the essential core of meditation
The rim, which holds the spokes, refers to mindfulness or samadhi
which holds everything together.